UGA Extension publications offer free, research-based information to Georgians on a variety of topics including agriculture, the environment, families, food, lawn and garden, and youth. The publications below are based on agricultural and applied economics related topics.

Cotton Payments, Disaster Assistance, and Safety Net Update -  This factsheet discusses the Market Facilitation Program, the legislative process related to disaster assistance, seed cotton program updates in the 2018 Farm Bill, choices between ARC/PLC enrollment, and STAX for the seed cotton program. (Don Shurley and Yangxuan Liu, March 2019)

First Look at the Farm Bill Title I for Row Crops: Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018. - The 2018 Farm Bill continues programs for Title I commodities from the 2014 Farm Bill: the Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) program, the Price Loss Coverage (PLC) program, and the Marketing Assistance Loans (MAL) program with Loan Deficiency Payments (LDP). This factsheet identifies some major changes in the new farm bill.  (Yangxuan Liu and Adam Rabinowitz, December 2018)

Implications of Hurricane Michael on the Seed Cotton ARC  - With the hurricane causing tremendous damages to our cotton industry, a lot of counties suffer from tremendous yield losses. This factsheet compares between the Agricultural Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) for this year after Hurricane Michael. We conducted the analysis based on some representative counties in GA. (Yangxuan Liu, October 2018)

What Farmers Need to Know about Crop Insurance and Prevented Planting - Southern Georgia has seen a lot of rain during the month of May. This publication discusses important details about crop insurance and prevented planting claims. There are some frequently asked questions, answers, and links to additional resources. (Rabinowitz, May 2018)

How Generic Base Could Be Treated in the Cottonseed Proposal - One proposal sought by cotton industry leadership to improve cotton’s “safety net” has been to make cottonseed a covered commodity and eligible for PLC as an “Other Oilseed” under the current 2014 farm bill. (Shurley, August 2017)

Recent Cotton Policy Developments - Under the 2014 farm bill, cotton is not a “covered commodity” and not eligible for the ARC and PLC programs. One of the things that the 2014 farm bill did do was to convert the cotton base on a farm to Generic Base. The current farm bill is now in its 4th year and will expire with the 2018 crop year unless extended. (Shurley, July 2017)

Estimated ARC and PLC Payments for 2016 Covered Commodities - The 2014 farm bill eliminated the DCP (Direct and Countercyclical Payment) Program of the 2002 and 2008 farm bills. In the 2014 farm bill, DCP was replaced by ARC (Agricultural Risk Coverage) and PLC (Price Loss Coverage). Read more about the estimated ARC and PLC payments for covered commodities in 2016. (Don Shurley and Adam N. Rabinowitz, July 2017)

Economic Impact of the Georgia Green Industry - The Georgia Green Industry consists of wholesale nursery, greenhouse, turfgrass sod producers, landscape design, construction/maintenance firms and wholesale and retail distribution firms (e.g., garden centers, home stores, mass merchandisers with lawn/garden departments, brokers/rewholesale distribution centers, and allied trade suppliers). (Hodges et al., 2015)






Recent Extension Publications on Animal Production and Livestock
Feeding for Improved Yield of Milk Components
(B 1512)
This bulletin provides information for producers, nutritionists, and feed industry personnel on formulating diets to maintain or improve milk composition. The value of milk components is increasing more than skim milk, so this topic impacts all dairy farmers. The publication provides information on feeding dairy cows for improved yield of milk components, providing background on how the cow synthesizes milk components and the dietary factors that affect milk component yield.
Antibiotic Therapy in Mastitis Control for Lactating and Dry Cows
(B 1516)
Antibiotic therapy continues to play an important role in the control of mastitis in dairy cows. Lactational therapy is effective against Streptococcus agalactiae but less successful against infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus and other causes of mastitis. As a result, alternative treatment strategies have been developed, including a combination of both intramammary infusion and the parenteral administration (injection) of antibiotics to successfully cure quarters infected with S. aureus. Likewise, extended therapy, which involves prolonged drug administration, has improved cure rates against this organism. Nonantibiotic approaches to treatment have included oxytocin injections, but relapse rates after this form of therapy can be unacceptably high. Dry or nonlactating cow therapy is almost always more successful than lactational therapy because cure rates are higher and new cases of mastitis are prevented. To reduce antibiotic usage, selective dry cow therapy is becoming popular, and teat seals are appealing because they prevent new infections without having to rely on antibiotics.
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Recent Extension Publications on Field Crops
Two-Lined Spittlebug: Biology and Management in Turfgrass
(C 1157)
The two-lined spittlebug is an important insect pest of turfgrass in Georgia. It attacks all turfgrass species, but centipedegrass is the most susceptible to spittlebug infestation. It also attacks some ornamental plants, including asters, hollies, and morning glories. The two-lined spittlebug injects toxins into the turfgrass, and the affected grass blades turn yellow and then brown or purple. The damage symptoms start with the development of discolored leaves followed by the complete wilting of the stem and leaves, ultimately causing the death of the grass. There is limited information available to the general public on determining this pest problem and how to manage it, especially during wet years. This publication provides management options and other information on the two-lined spittlebug, including identification and biology, host plants, damage symptoms, and control strategies.
Johnsongrass Control in Pastures, Roadsides, and Noncropland Areas
(B 1513)
Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense) is a warm-season perennial weed in pastures and roadsides throughout central and northern Georgia. Populations may germinate from seed in spring after overwintering in the soil. However, Johnsongrass primarily emerges from dormant rhizomes in areas with a history of infestations. Rhizomes are belowground stems that produce daughter plants and storage reserves for new growth in spring. The persistence of Johnsongrass is primarily associated with extensive rhizomatous growth that enable populations to spread laterally and dominate areas by preventing desirable species from flourishing.
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Recent Extension Publications on Fruits and Vegetables
Manejo del Viñedo
(C 1151-SP)
Este póster del manejo del viñedo está basado en la fenología de la planta y proporciona una referencia para las buenas prácticas de manejo de las enfermedades y los insectos de la vid en un formato atractivo y digerible. Las prácticas vitícolas optimizan la salud, la rentabilidad y la sostenibilidad de los viñedos al mismo tiempo que mejoran la cantidad y calidad del cultivo. Al igual que el manejo de plagas, las prácticas vitivinícolas deben implementarse de manera oportuna a lo largo de la temporada de crecimiento de la planta para maximizar la eficiencia de la práctica y la ganancia de beneficios. El control de enfermedades en las uvas es crítico, ya que las uvas son susceptibles a una amplia gama de patógenos. La implementación de prácticas culturales oportunas y adecuadas ayudará enormemente a eliminar las enfermedades. Además, las uvas, más que muchos productos hortícolas, requieren programas de fungicidas agresivos durante todo el año para mantener la salud de la vid. El manejo integrado de plagas en el viñedo combina una variedad de técnicas y herramientas para controlar las plagas. Comienza identificando correctamente al insecto y comprendiendo su tiempo y actividad dentro de un cultivo a lo largo de la temporada. El monitoreo y la evaluación de la abundancia de plagas identificadas y las lesiones en los cultivos pueden ayudar a determinar el método correcto para el manejo efectivo de la plaga.
Principles of Irrigation and Scheduling for Vegetable Crops in Georgia
(B 1511)
This bulletin contains guidelines to determine irrigation scheduling for vegetable production in Georgia. Irrigation scheduling varies with water management and growers may require different technologies to properly manage water application. This information is supplied to help irrigation managers schedule and operate irrigation systems to optimal capacity, applying water precisely to the crop for maximum effectiveness and high efficiency.
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